Serbo-Croatian also known as Serbo-croat or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian(BCMS) is a South-slavic language which is spoken in Bosnia, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia.

South Slavic dialects historically formed a continuum. The turbulent history of the area, particularly due to expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in a patchwork of dialectal and religious differences. Due to population migrations, Shtokavian became the most widespread in the western Balkans, intruding westwards into the area previously occupied by Chakavian and Kajkavian (which further blend into Slovenian in the northwest). Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs differ in religion and were historically often part of different cultural circles, although a large part of the nations have lived side by side under foreign overlords. During that period, the language was referred to under a variety of names, such as "Slavic", or according to region, "Bosnian", "Serbian" and "Croatian", the latter often in combination with "Slavonian" or "Dalmatian".

In the 19th century Serbo-croatian got standardised by Serbian and Croatian Writers,Linguists etc. long before Yugoslavia came into existence. From the very beginning, there were slightly different literary Serbian and Croatian standards, although both were based on the same Shtokavian subdialect, Eastern Herzegovinian. In the 20th century, Serbo-Croatian served as the official language of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (when it was called "Serbo-Croato-Slovenian"),and later as one of the official languages of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. After the breakup of Yugoslavia, "Serbo-Croatian" started falling out of official use, with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia preferring "Bosnian" "Croatian" "Montenegrin" and "Serbian" respectively.

Like other South Slavic languages, Serbo-Croatian has a simple phonology,with 5 vowels and 25 consonants. Its grammar evolved from Common Slavic, with complex inflection, preserving seven grammatical cases in nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. Verbs exhibit imperfective or perfective aspect, with a moderately complex tense system. Serbo-Croatian is a pro-drop language with flexible word order, subject–verb–object being the default. Serbo-croatian uses the a modified latin and a cyrillic script, both of which are entirely phonetic.

Dialects/Languages Edit

Much like most things in the Balkans, Serbo-croatian is very controversial because people disagree on wether it is one language or not. In Serbia it is more widely considered one language. And in Bosnia and Croatia more people think they are different languages.

Have whatever opinion about this that you'd like, I don't give one.

Comparison Edit

Serbian Edit

  • Around 10 Million native speakers
  • Alternates between the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets
  • ekavian (the reflex of Old Church Slavonic letter yat is -e-; "child" in Serbian is "dete", "song" is "pesma")
  • More German and Russian Vocabulary

Croatian Edit

  • Around 6 Million native speakers
  • Always uses the latin alphabet
  • ijekavian (the reflex of yat is -ije- or -je-; "child" is "dijete", "song" is "pjesma")
  • More Slovene and Latin Vocabulary

Bosnian Edit

  • 2,5 Million native speakers
  • Usually uses Latin alphabet
  • ijekavian
  • More Turkish Vocabulary

Montenegrin Edit

  • 0,3-0,5 Million native speakers depending on criteria
  • Alternates between the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets
  • ijekavian
  • Has 2 additional letters: (Ś[sj],Ź[zj] in Latin) (Ć[sj],З́[zj] In cyrillic)

Resources Edit

Please list in what dialect/language the resource is in

Resource Duolingo Clozemaster Memrise FSI Lingq Lingvist
Available? No Serbian+Croatian Yes Yes No No

Razgovorajte s nama (Croatian) Edit

  • Schoolbook. Consists of a textbook and a workbook
  • Consists of 3 parts: A2/B1, B1/B2, B2/C1
  • Contains speaking exercises; recommended to go through with a friend or family member who speaks the language
  • Gives a lot of info about Croatia
  • Not available on Amazon; might be difficult to obtain.

Media Edit

Please list in what dialect/language the media is in

Music Edit

Van Gogh(Rock)(Serbian)

Riblja Čorba(Rock)(Serbian)

Pero Defformero(Metal/Folk)(Serbian)


Artan Lili(Alt rock)(Serbian)



Zoran Čalić band(Rock)(Croatian)



Himzo Polovina(Sevdah)(Bosnian folk music)

Edo Maajka(Rap)(Bosnian)

Shows Edit

Bolji Život (Serbian)

Lud zbunjen normalan (Bosnian)

Večernja škola (Croatian)

Children's shows Edit

Movies Edit

Profesionalac (Serbian)

Do Koske (Serbian)

Lepa Sela Lepo Gore (Serbian)

News Edit

Reading Edit

Bilingual text Edit (Croatian (Serbian, also contains some books in other languages)

Children's literature Edit

Vlak u Snijegu

Brotips Edit

  • The Fact that Serbo-Croatian has seven cases might sound Intimidating. But you should know the Nominative right away and the Dative and Locative have the exact same conjugation so you only really have to learn five.
  • While the Serbo-croatian standards are mostly mutually intelligible it still might still be worth it to focus on one standard for consistency, especially if you like one ex-yu country more than the others or all your family is from the same country
Slavic languages
Polish Russian Serbo-croatian Ukrainian