Serbo-Croatian /ˌsɜːrboʊkroʊˈeɪʃən, -bə-/ ( listen),] also called Serbo-Croat /ˌsɜːrboʊˈkroʊæt, -bə-/ Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB),[9] Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian(BCS),[10] or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS), is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro. It is a pluricentric language with four mutually intelligible standard varieties.

South Slavic dialects historically formed a continuum. The turbulent history of the area, particularly due to expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in a patchwork of dialectal and religious differences. Due to population migrations, Shtokavian became the most widespread in the western Balkans, intruding westwards into the area previously occupied by Chakavian and Kajkavian (which further blend into Slovenian in the northwest). Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs differ in religion and were historically often part of different cultural circles, although a large part of the nations have lived side by side under foreign overlords. During that period, the language was referred to under a variety of names, such as "Slavic", "Illyrian", or according to region, "Bosnian", "Serbian" and "Croatian", the latter often in combination with "Slavonian" or "Dalmatian".

In the 19th century Serbo-croatian got standardised by Serbian and Croatian Writers,Linguists etc. long before Yugoslavia came into existence. From the very beginning, there were slightly different literary Serbian and Croatian standards, although both were based on the same Shtokavian subdialect, Eastern Herzegovinian. In the 20th century, Serbo-Croatian served as the official language of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (when it was called "Serbo-Croato-Slovenian"),and later as one of the official languages of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. After Yugoslavia broke up, some Bosnians and Croats felt like they talk a different language from each other and Serbia. So they Created the Bosnian and Croatian language respectively.

Like other South Slavic languages, Serbo-Croatian has a simple phonology, with the common five-vowel system and twenty-five consonants. Its grammar evolved from Common Slavic, with complex inflection, preserving seven grammatical cases in nouns, pronouns, and adjectives. Verbs exhibit imperfective or perfective aspect, with a moderately complex tense system. Serbo-Croatian is a pro-drop language with flexible word order, subject–verb–object being the default. It can be written in Serbian Cyrillicor Gaj's Latin alphabet, whose thirty letters mutually map one-to-one, and the orthography is highly phonemic in all standards.

Controversy Edit

Much like most things in the Balkans, Serbo-croatian is very controversial because a lot of people disagree on wether it is one language or not. The main differences are the fact that Serbian sometimes uses the cyrillic alphabet while the other Dialects/languages always use the latin alphabet and ekavian vs. ijekavian (some words that have -e in Serbian having an -ije in Croatian and -je Bosnian) and some vocabulary.(Bosnian has more Turkish loanwords, Croatian has more old slavic and Slovene words, Serbian has more German and Russian loanwords.)

Have whatever opinion about this that you'd like, i don't give one.

Factors to consider when choosing a dialect/language Edit

It isn't a problem to most yugos if your accent is a mix of the various standard dialects. However you might still want to stick to a certain dialect for personal reasons, if you do here are some factors to consider

General: Edit

  • Serbian is spoken by around 9 million people
  • Croatian is spoken by around 6 million people
  • Bosnian is spoken by around 2,5 million people

English Edit

  • The USA does the most business with Croatia, But The UK does more business with Serbia

Slovene Edit

  • Slovene has the most shared vocabulary with Croatian
  • Slovenia does the most business with Croatia[1]

Turkish Edit

  • Bosnian has the most shared vocabulary with Turkish
  • Bosnia does the most relative trade with Turkey, but Serbia does the most absolute thread because of their bigger economy[2][3]

Polish Edit

  • Croatian has the most shared vocabulary with Polish although by just a little bit

Russian Edit

  • Serbian has the most shared vocabulary with Russian although by just a little bit
  • Serbian is the only dialect that uses the Cyrillic alphabet
  • Bosnian and Croatian have Palatalization, just like Russian.
  • Serbia does the most business with Russia[2]

German Edit

  • Serbian has the most shared vocabulary with German although by just a little bit
  • Austria does the most business with Croatia[1]

Resources Edit

Please list in what dialect/language the resource is in

Clozemaster(Serbian+Croatian) Edit

  • Focuses on spotting words in context
  • 5 800 sentences for Serbian, 1 500 sentences for Croatian
  • Not recommended to be used as the only tool.
  • Not recommended for absolute beginners.
  • Free, but with a premium feature

Memrise(all dialects/languages) Edit

  • Vocabulary trainer
  • Many different user-created courses
  • Not recommended to be used as the only tool.
  • Free, but with a premium feature

FSI Language course Edit

  • Covers everything but is mostly sentence drilling
  • Useful for everyday topics
  • Free
  • Used by American Diplomats
  • Ancient
  • Excruciatingly boring

Razgovorajte s nama(Croatian) Edit

  • Schoolbook. Consists of a textbook and a workbook
  • Consists of 3 parts: A2/B1, B1/B2, B2/C1
  • Contains speaking excercises; recommended to go through with a friend or family member who speaks the language
  • Gives a lot of info about Croatia
  • Not available on amazon; might be difficult to obtain
  • The textbook and workbook together cost about €30 in Croatian money together

Media Edit

Please list in what dialect/language the media is in

Music Edit

Van Gogh(Rock)(Serbian)

Riblja Čorba(Rock)(Serbian)

Pero Defformero(Metal/Folk)(Serbian)


Zoran čalić band(Rock)(Croatian)

Thompson(Rock)(croatian)(Lyrics are very ultranationalist)


Himzo Polovina(Sevdah)(bosnian folk music)

Edo Maajka(Rap)(Bosnian)


Shows Edit

Bolji Život (Serbian)

Lud zbunjen normalan (Bosnian)

Večernja škola (Croatian)

Children's shows Edit

Movies Edit

Profesionalac (Serbian)

Do Koske (Serbian)

Lepa Sela Lepo Gore (Serbian)

News Edit

Books Edit

Children's literature Edit

Vlak u Snijegu

Brotips Edit

The Fact that Serbo-Croatian has seven cases might sound Intimidating. But you should know the Nominative right away and the Dative and Locative have the exact same conjugation so you only really have to learn five.

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